When I tell people I’ve received a Fulbright there has been two common responses:
- Congratulations! That’s awesome, where are you going?
- What’s a Fulbright?
The latter is more common than the former, which is quite surprising to me. So here is my attempt to answer what the Fulbright is, and I’ll try to answer this question again once I’ve completed my grant.
What is it?
The Fulbright is America’s premier international exchange program. Every year hundreds of Americans go abroad to research, learn, and teach English, and citizens of other countries come to America to do the same. It’s soft diplomacy at its finest, and the primary aim of the program is to increase mutual understanding between Americans and other nations’ citizens.
What do Fulbrighters do?
Essentially, the Fulbright program offers two types of grants, teaching and learning. The fellowship allows both recent graduates and scholars to travel abroad to conduct research, it also sends recent graduates to teach English and scholars to teach in their field of expertise. There are grants available for Graduate School, and to learn critical languages. There’s even a grant in conjunction with MTV to research music.
Where do Fulbrighters go?
The Fulbright program operates in over 155 countries across the world. To date, more than 307,000 Fulbrights have been awarded.
Why is it called the Fulbright?
The program is named after Senator William J. Fulbright, who introduced legislation in 1946 to create this program.
How is it funded?
In it’s inception, in 1945, the program was funded by the sale of U.S. military assets after the end of the second world war. The U.S. government forgave the debts of foreign nations in exchange for funding this international exchange program (this offers some insight as to why there are so many grants for Germany).
The program cost more than $323.3 million in 2010, and its primary funding source is an appropriation from Congress; though host countries contribute to the funding of this program as well.
How do you get one?
There is an extensive application process for the Fulbright program, and I will only speak to the English Teaching Assistantships – as that is the grant I received. During my junior year at Fordham, I was in China, so my application process was a bit different than others. In the second semester I had a few Skype meetings with Fordham’s Office of Prestigious Fellowships, and I began narrowing down the countries I wanted to apply for. There are many tips for various components of the application, let me know if you have any questions.
I began narrowing down the countries where ETAs are granted. As I’m not fluent in Spanish, South America was out. I have a strong interest in emerging markets and economic development, so I wasn’t too keen on applying to a country in Europe. So that pretty much left Africa and Asia.
At this point I went nation by nation and narrowed down the nations I was most interested in to Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan. ETAs are not granted in China, save for Hong Kong and Macau. Why these countries you might ask? It was some combination of cultural intrique, economic prospects, transitory factors, and gut feeling.
I eventually settled on Sri Lanka as the country to which I was going to apply, and I spent that summer writing my applications essays. When applying to an ETA you have to write two essays, and are limited to one page per essay. One essay, your Statement of General Purpose is where you answer the following questions:
- Why do you wish to undertake an ETA opportunity?
- Why are you applying to this specific country?
- What do you bring to the classroom that will enrich the learning experience of English language learners overseas?
- What specific ideas do you have for engaging with students and helping them to learn English?
- What specific qualifications, training, or experiences do you have to prepare you to serve as an ETA?
- How do you expect to benefit from the assignment?
- What plans do you have for civic engagement outside the classroom?
What have Fulbrighters gone on to do?
- 10 Fulbright alumni have been elected to the United States Congress
- 43 Fulbright alumni from eleven countries are recipients of the Nobel Prize
- 60 Fulbright alumni are recipients of the Pulitzer Prize
- 22 Fulbright alumni are recipients of MacArthur Foundation “genius” awards
- 14 Fulbright alumni are recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.